Thursday, 19 September 2019   







Never see Ash'ariyyah in the same light, ever again! Aristotle of Stageira, Philo of Alexandria, Augustine of Hippo, the Sabeans of Harraan, the Mu'tazilites of Basrah and Baghdad and the Jahmite Ash'ari Heretics of Today Claiming Orthodoxy. Read the first article, the second article, the third article, the fourth article, the fifth article.
You are here: Home Articles
Jahmite Intellectual Fraudsters Abu Bilal Maliki, Faqir, and Muhammad Fahmi on the Authorship of al-Ibanah by Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari - Part 4: Proof of Ashari Tamperings of al-Ibanah
Posted by Abu.Iyaad, in Articles
Topics: Abu Bilal Maliki Faqir Muhammad Fahmi Al-Ibanah

  Mail To Friend    Printer Friendly Bookmark and Share

The Various Manuscript of al-Ibanah

Dr. Fawqiyyah Mahmud points out four manuscripts in her 1397H (1973CE) print edition of al-Ibanah and labels them as (س), (ك), (ز), (د).

First lets list brief details of each one (refer to pages 187-192 in her introduction):

  1. The Alexandrian Manuscript (س)
    This does not have any date (!), and nor the name of who made the mansucript copy (!), it is in much better condition than the rest. Strangely, Dr. Fawqiyyah decided to use this as the foundation, even after admitting its been tampered with and has had insertions from people with Mu'tazili (read As'hari) orientations.

  2. Maktabah al-Azhar Manuscript (ز)
    It is dated 1307H, and it is written at the end of it, "And it has been written by the slave to his Lord, making tawassul to the Prophet, al-Udnani Muhammad, Muhammad al-Hameedaani..." This is a strong indication that this copy is by an Ash'ari Sufi. This mansucript has clear legible writing and is missing some things not which Dr. Fawqiyyah explains as either omitted them, or the copy he used was itself damaged in certain places.

  3. The Maktabah Koshak Manuscript (ك)
    It is written at the front of this manuscript "From the books of the needy, Isma'il Uthman Pasha in the year 1154, the month of Shawwal" showing it' posession, and at the end of the manuscript it indicates that the manuscript copy was written in 1084H.

  4. The Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyyah Manuscript (د)
    This is dated 1307H, on the first page it has the seal for the waqf of Ahmad bin Isma'il bin Muhammad Taymur in the year 1321H. This manuscript is preceded by al-Risalah Fi al-Dhabb anil-Ash'ari by Abul-Qasim Abd al-Malik bin Isa bin Darbaas (d. 659H) - which is a book written to defend al-Ibanah from the claims of the Jahmiyyah and those who claim al-Ashari wrote it out of deception, without believing its contents.

After providing these details, Dr. Fawqiyyah explains:

... it has become clear to me that the manuscript of Maktabah al-Azhar al-Sharif which I have indicated with (ز), and the manuscript of Rayfan Koshak (ك) and the manuscript of Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyyah (د) are approximate to each other from the angle ofo the order of the text, and the differences between them are little. And that is in opposition to the Alexandrian city manuscript, which I have designated with (س) , and which is free of many of the impairments (damage, gaps) which are found in the other three manuscripts, with complete passages in some instances.

This indicates that the manuscript which does not have any date(!) or any name(!) is different to the rest all of which are similar in their sequence and order of events. Now we need to pay attention what Dr. Fawqiyyah has said about this mansucript (س)!

Ash'ari Tamperings of the Alexandrian Manuscript (س)

Dr. Fawqiyah said on p. 188 of the introduction:

And I have considered it (س) to be the main, root manuscript because it is absent taqdim (advancement) and ta'khir (delay) that is devoid of meaning, and it does not have impairments (damage, gaps. etc.) which are of substance as opposed to the other manuscripts and also because its manuscript copier was precise in the words to a great extent ...

First of all this is a very poor reason for considering this manuscript to be the base and foundation, especially considering it has no date(!) and its manuscript copier is unnamed and unknown (!) and it appears to be much more recent than the other three because it is in much better condition. However, pay very close attention to what she reveals straight afterwards:

Except that it is necessary to be noted what it contains of additional [insertions] which require close scrutiny, in order to disqualify what has been attached to it of fabricated expressions (ibaaraat madsoosah).

She admits that this manuscript has fabricated additions, and then states:

For it has become apparent [in this manuscript] - even though these [fabricated] additions generally support the orientation of the Salaf - [such] statement(s) that opposes this general orientation ...

After admitting fabrications in this manuscript, she states that the nature and orientation of these fabrications are in line with the orientation of the Salaf (!) even if in their details they they oppose the way of the Salaf - it does not really make sense to even say this, it is redundant and meaningless, as we shall see from the examples that Dr. Fawqiyah herself brings. In essence, she is using this manuscript as the root and basis and is forced to reveal that it has been tampered with, and is trying to downplay this fact, however it is very hard to do this, and she maintains her academic integrity by indicating documenting such tamperings, so straight after she gives examples:

An example of that is what is found in page 81 (of the manuscript) in explanation of al-Istiwa in that it is a with al-qahr (domination, subduing) and al-qudrah (power). So this statement, definitely, by all means it is in the hand of one of the readers of the manuscript who is inclined towards I'tizaal and from those who at the same time are ignorant of the reality of the affairs and what confirms, supports this ...

Allahu Akbar! When she says "inclined towards I'tizaal" this is none other than an Ash'ari who is following the approach of al-Baghdadi (d. 429H) and al-Juwayni (d. 478H) and al-Ghazali (d. 505H) and al-Razi (d. 606H) who took the way of I'tizal regarding these attributes of al-istiwaa, 'Uluww, Face, Hands, Eyes... and in any case, what would a Mu'tazili gain out of tampering with al-Ibanah? So this handiwork is certainly that of an later Jahmite As'hari. Then she gives another example:

...and what confirms, supports this is the comment on page 82 (of the manuscript), whose text is:

Pause over this chapter, for the author has taken liberties in bringing these expressions, they explicitly indicate directions (jihaat) and Jismiyyah (bodily form) by inclusion (dimniyyan), so reflect

This speech here indicates that its author inclines towards absolute tanzih which the Mu'tazilah speak of and which results in negation of the attributes, in the manner that we have explained previously, in particular. And that adhering to the orientation of the Salaf with respect to these [fabricated] additions is plain to every scrutinizing researcher.

This absolute tanzih is what the later As'arites tended towards in negating what the early Kullabi Ash'aris affirmed. So we have a second example of what is most certainly the attempt of an Ash'arite trying to tamper with the text and add his own explanation to it.

Examples of Ash'ari Tamperings in the Alexandrian Manuscript (س)

Let's take a look now at some of these fabricated additions occuring in this undated (!) manuscript copy with unnamed writer (!)

1st Example of Ash'ari Tampering of al-Ibaanah

Here on page 107:

In the three manuscripts (which are certainly the older ones which have had more wear and tear and which should have been considered the foundation) there occurs in:

Allah is ascended over the Throne, which is above the heavens, and if Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, had not been upon the Throne, they would not have raised their hands towards the Throne

And Dr. Fawqiyah points out in the footnote at the bottom:

What is in between the brackets in [manuscript] (س) is the following:

...with an istiwa' with the meaning of al-qahr (subduing) and al-ghalabah (domination), and if Allah had not made istiwa over the Throne with the meaning which He intended, the Most High, they would not have raised their hands towards the Throne

And this expression is confusing in meaning.

As you can see, this is a clear example of Ash'arite tampering and fabrication upon al-Ibaanah, and the explanation of al-istiwaa with al-qahr and al-ghalabah (over the Throne) is the interpretation of the later Ash'arites who took it from the Mu'tazilah. The verifier, Dr. Fawqiyyah DID NOT include this wording in the main text indicating that they are clear FABRICATIONS upon the text.

2nd Example of Ash'ari Tampering of al-Ibaanah

First of all notice that the large paragraph (point no. 27) is found only in the undated (!) manuscript copy (س) with an unnamed, unknown manuscript copy writer (!), and it is different to the other three manuscripts which Dr. Fawqiyah points out at the bottom. In the other three manuscripts there occcurs only the following:

And Allah is ascended over His Throne, just as He said, "the Most Merciful ascended over the Throne."

As for the lengthy paragraph, guess where it is taken from? Yes, lifted straight out of one of al-Ghazali's works (!!!!!) and then again (!!!!!).

Here is the book "Al-Arba'een Fi Usool al-Deen" of Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (d. 606H), and it is edited by Abdullah al-Urwaani and Muhammad al-Shaqafah, printed by Darl al-Qalam, their first edition (2003).

Have a look at what is on page 18-19 and read the entire thing, then go back and read what is in the undated, tampered with, manuscript copy (س) which Dr. Fawqiyah explicitly stated has fabricated insertions (madsoosah) from people with an I'tizaali (read bigoted later Ash'ari) orientation. The entire paragraph from beginning to end is actually identical to the letter to the fabricated insertion in manuscript copy (س).

This leaves absolutely no doubt whatsoever that manuscript copy (س) is tampered with, unreliable, undated copy which has been butchered by a bigoted Ash'ari, here is the quote from al-Ghazali:

Allaahu Akbar! This fraud that the Jahmiyyah have been peddling regarding the so-called tampering with al-Ibanah, trying to ascribe this to Ahl al-Sunnah has fallen back upon them and it is established that it was most certainly a Jahmite Ash'ari who has been tampering with the original al-Ibaanah.

3rd Example of Ash'ari Tampering of al-Ibaanah

And another example of Ash'ari tampering in manuscript copy (س):

In this example we see a clear example of attempted Ash'arite distortion in the unreliable, doctored manuscript (س) where they have poisoned the text with the insertion of the ta'wil of the Jahmiyyah and Mu'tazilah of yad (hand) to qudrah (power). After the mention that Allaah created Adam, and garden of 'Adan, and wrote the Torah with his Hand, the statement:

Meaning, through the hand of his power, the Sublime

is missing in all the other manuscript and is found only in the undated(!), manuscript (س) with unnamed and unknown manuscript writer(!). This is clearly an attempt to explain away the attribute upon the way of the Jahmiyyah and Mu'tazilah which all the early Kullabis and Asharis refuted, such as al-Baqillani, and al-Bayhaqi (see here and here).

And what proves this is a fabricated insertion into al-Ibaanah is that a few pages later al-Ash'arite refutes the ta'wil of hand to power (qudrah) in detail:

This is just part of much of what is found in refuting the Jahmee, Mu'tazili ta'wil of hand and it is refuted also by al-Baqillani and al-Bayhaqi.

Summary

It is very clear, by way of what Dr. Fawqiyyah revealed, who was very honest in pointing out what she did - despite showing an inclination to the Ash'arite way - that it is the Ash'arites who have tried to doctor the text of al-Ibanah, and even if she did not point to an Ash'ari culprit, but simply said that it is someone "inclined towards I'tizal." In reality, the Ash'arites from the time of al-Juwayni all inclined towards I'tizal, as is not hidden, and it is only they who have a clear operative motive for wanting to discredit al-Ibaanah or at least to doctor its contents, particularly in relation al-uluww, al-istiwaa and the Sifat Khabariyyah.


Link to this article:   Show: HTML LinkFull LinkShort Link
Share or Bookmark this page: You will need to have an account with the selected service in order to post links or bookmark this page.

                 
  
Subscribe via RSS or email:
Follow us through RSS or email. Click the RSS icon to subscribe to our feed.

     

Related Articles:
Add a Comment
You must be registered and logged in to comment.





Don't Be Deceived By the Terminology of the Jahmiyyah!
(Introduction) (al-jism) (al-'arad) (Hulul al-hawaadith) (al-tarkib
)

Series View More...

Topics
Basics
Scholars
History
Misconceptions
Ibn Taymiyyah
Articles
Sunni Answers
Audio
The Clinic

Latest Articles
The History and Origins of the Kalam Theology of the Asharis and Maturidis
Revelation, Philosophy and Kalam: The Creed of the Salaf Versus the Creed of the Asharis and Maturidis
The Creed of the Kullabi Asharis Preview: Part 11 - Concerning the Affirmation and Negation of Al-Hadd and the Doubts of the Jahmites
The Divine Attributes: The Righteous Salaf vs the Heretical Kalam Schools - Part 2: Which Door Did the Ash'aris and Maturidis Come Through?
The Divine Attributes: The Righteous Salaf vs the Heretical Kalam Schools - Part 1: Introduction
The Saying of the Salaf (منه بدأ وإليه يعود), Imaam Al-Tahawi's Uncreated Single Qur'an and Sa'eed Foudah's Two Qur'an Doctrine: Part 3
The Saying of the Salaf (منه بدأ وإليه يعود), Imaam Al-Tahawi's Uncreated Single Qur'an and Sa'eed Foudah's Two Qur'an Doctrine: Part 2
The Saying of the Salaf (منه بدأ وإليه يعود), Imaam Al-Tahawi's Uncreated Single Qur'an and Sa'eed Foudah's Two Qur'an Doctrine: Part 1
Another Dishonest and Resentful Jahmite (Nizar Hammadi) Trying to Malign Ibn Taymiyyah: Regarding Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi's Confusion
Deconstructing the Micro Madrasa (Of Ilm Al-Kalaam and Tajahhum) of Ibrahim Osi-Efa (Liverpool, UK): Part 4

Pages
No pages found.

Most Popular
Destroying the Slander of Tajsim (Anthropomorphism) Against Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah: Part 1 - Developing The Framework
Ibn Taymiyyah Compared With the Philosophers: Exposing Abu Adam al-Naruiji's Academic Fraud - Part 5: Ahl al-Sunnah, the Philosophers and Ahl al-Kalaam on Allaah's Actions and Origins of the Universe - Continued...
Aristotle of Stageira, Philo of Alexandria, Augustine of Hippo, the Sabeans of Harraan, the Mu'tazilites of Basrah and Baghdad and the Jahmite Ash'ari Heretics of Today Claiming Orthodoxy- Part 1
Ibn Taymiyyah Compared With the Philosophers: Exposing Abu Adam al-Naruiji's Academic Fraud - Part 4: Ahl al-Sunnah, the Philosophers and Ahl al-Kalaam on Allaah's Actions and Origins of the Universe
The American Chestnut Tree, The Willow Tree, Jahm Bin Safwan, The Mu'tazilah, Ibn Kullaab and the Early and Later Ash'aris - An Illustration
Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (Imaam of the Later Ash'aris): If the Prophet Invited to Belief in Allaah Through the Language and Terminology of the Ash'arites, Not even One in a Thousand Would Accept It! Rather the Majority Would Tend to Atheism!
Destroying the Slander of Tajsim (Anthropomorphism) Against Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah: Part 2 - Ahl al-Sunnah, Ibn Kullab, al-Ash'ari and the Early Kullabis, Ash'aris
Destroying the Slander of Tajsim (Anthropomorphism) Against Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah: Part 3 - The Mu'attilah and Mujassimah Share the Same Base and Foundation For Their Ta'teel and Tajseem
Undercover Ash'aris: Understanding The Intellectual Fraud Needed by Today's Ash'aris To Prop Up and Defend their (Neo-Jahmite) Creed: Analysis of a Sample of Marifah Apologeticism Regarding Distinction Between the Attributes - Part 1
Why Ibn Sina, You Exceedingly Shrewd Kafir! Thank You For Supporting Our Aristotelian Metaphysical Creed and Backing Us (Ash'aris) In Our Saying That 'Allaah Is Not Within the Creation Nor Outside Of It'

Archives (View more)
2018 • January
2017 • December
2014 • December
2013 • November
2013 • October
2013 • September
2013 • August
2013 • July
2013 • June
2011 • October
2011 • September
2011 • August


Key Topics
21st century kalam atomistabdullaah ibn al-mubaarakabdullah ali al-aminabdul-qadir al-jeelaaneeabdul-qadir al-jilaniabu abdullah bin hamidabu adam al-naruijiabu adam naruijiabu adam narujiabu al-abbas al-qalanisiabu al-hasan bin al-zaghuniabu al-hudhayl al-allaafabu ali al-ahwaziabu bakr al-baqillaniabu bakr al-ismaa'eeleeabu bakr al-isma'iliabu bilal malikiabu fadl al-tamimiabu hamid al-ghazaliabu hanifahabu hasan al-ash'ariabu isma'il al-harawiabu layth bin ataaabu mansur al-baghdadiabu ya'laaabul-hasan ibn mahdi at-tabariaccidentadh-dhahabeeadh-dhahabiaf'aal ikhtiyaariyyahahl al-kalaamahl al-kalamahmad bin sinan al-waasiteeahmed cobraakhbaar ul-aahaadal-aamideeal-akhtalal-amidial-'aradal-arshal-ash'areeal-asharial-ash'arial-baqillanial-bayhaqial-bukhaareeal-dhahabial-ghazalial-haddal-hawaadithal-ibanahal-istiwaaal-jahm bin safwanal-jawhar al-fardal-jihahal-jismal-juwayneeal-juwaynial-kawthareeal-khateeb al-baghdaadeeal-khatib al-baghdadiallaah's angerallaah's namesallaah's pleasureal-milal wan-nihalal-muhasibial-naruijial-nawaweeal-nawawial-qadi abd al-wahhab al-malikial-qadi abu ya'laaal-qalanisial-qurtubeeal-qurtubial-qushayrial-razial-shahrastanial-tabyinal-taftazanial-tahawial-tarkibal-uluwwal-uluwwwal-wajhal-yadan-nadhr al-istidlaalan-nawawianthropomorphismanthropomorphistsa'raad'aradaristotelian metaphysicsaristotelians anonymousaristotlear-raziarshasaas ut-taqdisashareesash'areesash'ariash'ari burnoutashari scholarsash'ari scholarsasharisash'ariteash'aritesash'ariyyahasmaaasrar rasheedasrar rashidas-sanusiatabek shukrov nasafiatheismatomismat-tabariat-tirmidheeaugustineaydinbaqillanibarelwibayaan talbees al-jahmiyyahbayjooribayjuribelief sciencebetter ash'aribi dhatihibishr al-mareesibucket theologycompetition cornercompositeday of arafahdemocritusdetoxdivisibleearly asharisearly ash'ariseesaaencompassmentfake hanbalisfakhr al-din al-razifakhr ud-din ar-razifalaasifahfalsafahfaqirfawqiyyahforty hadithgf haddadghadabgrave worshipgreek philosophershaadithhaashiyahhanbalisharfharranhellenismhishaamiyyahhizb ut-tahrirhudoothhudooth ul-ajsaamhuloolhulul al-hawadithibn abi zayd al-qayrawaniibn al-mutahhiribn asaakiribn asakiribn battahibn darbasibn fawrakibn hajribn hajr al-asqalaniibn jareer at-tabariibn jarir al-tabariibn khuzaymahibn kullaabibn kullabibn mahdi al-tabariibn seenaibn sinaibn taymiyyahibrahim osi-efaidol worshipihaatahilm al-kalaamilm al-kalamilm ul-kalamimaam adh-dhahabiimaam ahmadimaam ahmad bin hanbalimaam ash-shaafi'eeimam malikinqisaamintercessionintoxicationistidlaalistiwaaithbaatittihaadityaanjahm bin safwaanjahm bin safwanjahmee baleedjahmeespeakjahmi baleedjahmitejahmite ash'arisjahmitesjahmiyyahjahmiyyah mu'tazilahjawharjawharahjawharat ut-tawhidjihahjismjismiyyahkalaamkalaam nafseekalaam nafsikalam atomismkalam nafsikarraamiyyahkhabar ul-waahidkullaabi ash'ariskullaabiyyahkullabi asharislafdhiyyahlater ash'arisliquormarifahmetaphysicsmicro madrasamuhammad abduhmuhammad anwar shah al-kashmirimuhammad fahmimuhammad sa'eed ramadan al-butimuhdathmujassimahmurakkabmushabbihahmutafalsifahmutakallimoonmu'tazilahnadhrnaqd al-tadmuriyyahnaruijinaseehah dhahabiyyahneo-hanbalisneo-platonismnihaayat ul-iqdaamnizar hammadinuh ha mim kellernuh kellernur uz zamaan institutenuzoolpersonal developmentphiladelphian jahmite ash'arisphiladelphian jahmitesphilophilosophersplatopseudo-hanbalisqadi abdul-jabbarquraanquranqu'ranqur'anqur'an creationistsridhaariyadh al-saaliheenrizqullah al-tamimisaalimiyyahsabeanssaeed foudahsaeed foudah sa'id foudahsaint worshipsalafiyyahsawtsayyid qutbseeking ilmself awarenessself helpshafaa'ahshahrastaanishahrastanisifaatsifaat dhaatiyyahsifaat fi'liyyahsifat fi'liyyahsifat khabariyyahsubstancesumaniyyahtabyin kadhib al-muftaritafweedtaj al-din al-subkitajseemtajsimtakaafu' al-adillahtakyeeftamtheeltaqi ad-din an-nabahanitaqiuddin al-nabhanitarkeebtashbeehta'teelta'weeltawhidtawhid al-ibaadahtawhid al-ibadahtawhid al-uloohiyyahtawhid al-uluhiyyahta'wilthe clinicthe quranthe thronetheologiansthomas aquinasthronetop tipsuluwwundercover ash'arisvoicewahhabiwahhabisyahyaa bin ammaaryusuf al-qaradawiyusuf an-nabahani
Copyright © 2019 . All rights reserved. RSSTagsPrivacyLegal and Terms of UseSitemap