Thursday, 21 February 2019   







Never see Ash'ariyyah in the same light, ever again! Aristotle of Stageira, Philo of Alexandria, Augustine of Hippo, the Sabeans of Harraan, the Mu'tazilites of Basrah and Baghdad and the Jahmite Ash'ari Heretics of Today Claiming Orthodoxy. Read the first article, the second article, the third article, the fourth article, the fifth article.
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Ibn Khuzaymah al-Shaafi'ee (d. 311H) And His Creed Regarding the Speech of Allaah and The Qur'an and A Refutation of the Jahmi, Mu'tazili, Kullabi, Karraami, Ash'ari, Maturidi Sects
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Topics: Ibn Khuzaymah

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Just like the Jahmiyyah and Mu'tazilah, the theology of the Ash'arites is founded entirely upon this proof. So they are in agreement upon the foundation and they are all Ahl al-Kalaam, and this was the very kalam (al-ajsaam and al-a'raad) that the Salaf condemned and declared its practitioners as heretics and deviants. These groups simply differed on what they considered the binding necessities (lawaazim) that follow on from this proof. So the Jahmites negated all names, attributes and actions of Allaah. The Mu'tazilah took this from the Jahmiyyah but fearing the scorn of the people outwardly pretended to affirm the names whilst denying them in reality. Then came the Kullaabiyyah and they tried to refute the Jahmiyyah and Mu'tazilah through Kalaam, but fell prey to their doubts regarding Allaah's chosen actions (af'aal ikhtiyaariyyah, sifaat fi'liyyah), so they denied Allaah has actions tied to His will and power (from which is speech, kalaam) but affirmed all of His names and attributes including the sifat khabariyyah, such as face, hands, eyes. Then came al-Ash'ari and after leaving the Mu'tazilah he adopted and supported the creed of Ibn Kullaab before tending towards the creed of the Ahl al-Hadeeth towards the end of his life. Both Ibn Kullaab and al-Ash'ari never considered the proof of huduth al-ajsaam to be obligatory, but just one of many ways to prove the universe is originated, and al-Ash'ari himself considered it an innovation. However, al-Baqillani, opposing al-Ash'ari, took this proof wholesale from the Mu'tazilah, with a few minor differences, and laid it down as part of his endeavour to support the way of al-Ash'ari. Al-Baqillani declared this proof obligatory and the Ash'arites after him considered this to be the only proof and they claimed as if the veracity of Islam itself rests entirely upon this proof, until al-Juwayni (d. 478H) declared anyone reaching maturity whilst having the ability to corroborate this proof but died without doing so to be a disbeliever(see here!) This misguided direction unfortunately laid down the path for the Ash'arites to recede back to the doctrines of the Mu'tazilah.

At the end of all of this you have completely lost, misguided, intellectually bewildered, confused, don't-know-my-knee-from-my elbow type, pseudo-intellectual Ash'aris present today, in their drunken stupor, regurgitate statements in their lectures, blogs and forums, whose meanings they don't even have a clue about. This is due to their ignorance of what their own creed is founded upon, and likewise an ignorance of the reality of what the Salaf were upon and likewise an ignorance of history and likewise ignorance of the reality of the sayings of the various factions.

Imaam Ibn Khuzaimah - an Imaam of the Sunnah

In this article we will be commenting upon a statement of creed from Muhammad bin Ishaaq Ibn Khuzaymah (d. 311H) who was born in Nisapur in 223H, and in his youth, he heard knowledge from the great Imaam and Muhaddith, Ishaaq bin Raahuyah (d. 238H) and also took knowledge from many of the great Scholars of Ahl al-Sunnah of the third century hijrah, including al-Bukhari and Muslim, and both al-Bukhari and Muslim took hadith from Ibn Khuzaymah also. The Mu'tazilah, out of envy, tried to create rifts between him and some of his students who entered into something of the speech of the Kullaabiyyah.

Ibn Khuzaymah on the Qur'an and Allaah's Speech

Imam al-Dhahabi brings the following statement of creed in the biography of the great Shafi'i scholar and Imam of the Sunnah, Ibn Khuzaymah (al-Siyar 14/381):

القرآن كلام الله تعالى وصفة من صفات ذاته ليس شيء من كلامه مخلوق ولا مفعول ولا محدث فمن زعم أن شيئا منه مخلوق أو محدث أو زعم أن الكلام من صفة الفعل فهو جهمي ضال مبتدع وأقول لم يزل الله متكلما والكلام له صفة ذات ومن زعم أن الله لم يتكلم إلا مرة ولم يتكلم إلا ما تكلم به ثم انقضى كلامه كفر بالله وأنه ينزل تعالى إلى سماء الدنيا فيقول هل من داع فأجيبه فمن زعم أن علمه تنزل أوامره ضل ويكلم عباده بلا كيف <<الرحمن على العرش استوى>> لا كما قالت الجهمية إنه على الملك احتوى ولا استولى وإن الله يخاطب عباده عودا وبدءا ويعيد عليهم قصصه وأمره ونهيه ومن زعم غير ذلك فهو ضال مبتدع

We will first translate this piece and then comment on it in order to remove the confusion by which the Jahmite Ash'aris have been put to trial.

The Qur'an is the speech (Kalaam) of Allaah the Exalted, and an attribute amongst the attributes of His essence. Nothing from His speech is created, and nor is it ma'ful (manufactured) and nor Muhdath (recent, originated). Whoever claimed that anything from it is makhluq, or Muhdath or claimed that Kalaam is an attribute of action (sifat al-fi'l), then he is misguided Jahmite innovator. And I say: Allah has never ceased to be mutakallim (one who speaks), and speech (Kalaam) is an attribute of the essence for Him. And whoever claims that Allaah did not speak except once, and did not speak except what He already spoke with (in that one instance) and then His speech expired, his statement is disbelief in Allaah.

And that He descends to the lowest heaven and says "Is there any supplicant to whom I respond", so whoever claimed that it is His knowledge and command that descends has gone astray.

And He will speak to His servants without how (kayf). And "The Most Merciful ascended over the Throne", not as the Jahmites said that He has encompassed the dominion, and nor that he conquered (istawlaa).

And indeed Allaah speaks to His servants repeatedly, recurringly, and repeats to them His stories (qisas), His commands, His prohibitions, and anyone who claims other than that is a straying innovator.

Commentary and Explanation

The statement of Ibn Khuzaymah:

القرآن كلام الله تعالى وصفة من صفات ذاته
The Qur'an is the speech (Kalaam) of Allaah the Exalted, and an attribute amongst the attributes of His essence...

This Qur'an in our presence, recited, heard, memorized, consisting of surahs and aayaahs, letters and words is the speech (Kalaam) of Allaah. It was upon this Qur'an that the battle raged between Ahl al-Sunnah, the followers of the revealed Books and sent Messengers, and the Jahmiyyah, Mu'tazilah, the followers of the Sabean star and idol-worshipping pagan disbelievers in their proof of huduth al-ajsaam, as a result of which they said Allaah does not speak, and that Allaah's speech is what He creates in other than Him and that the Qur'an is created.

However, the Qur'an is an attribute from Allaah's attributes and what the Salaf meant by this is that the Qur'an is the knowledge ('ilm) of Allaah, since all of the Qur'an is from Allah's knowledge, and thus it is an attribute from the attributes of His essence. In addition to this it is also His speech (qawl, kalaam) which is also from His attributes, so from this perspective it is also an attribute from His attributes. However, in relation to speech, Allaah has always been one who speaks, as and when He wills, with whatever He wills, so Kalaam is from the sifat dhaatiyyah and also from the Sifaat Fi'liyyah.

His statement:

ليس شيء من كلامه مخلوق ولا مفعول ولا محدث
Nothing from His speech is created, and nor is it ma'ful (manufactured) and nor Muhdath (recent, originated).

This is a refutation of the Jahmiyyah, Mu'tazilah, the Kullaabiyyah, the Ash'ariyyah and Maturidiyyah, on a number of levels, but we can summarize here in two points:

First: The Jahmiyyah, Mu'tazilah, Kullaabiyyah, Ash'ariyyah, Maturidiyyah - they all hold the Arabic Qu'ran to be created (makhluq) and maf'ul (manufactured, made), and Muhdath (originated), but then they differ in the details: a) The Jahmiyyah say Allah does not have speech (Kalaam) and the Qur'an is simply speech that He created, and b) The Mu'tazilah said Allaah has Kalaam (speech) but it is what He creates in others and so it is "His speech" just as it is said, "the House of Allaah", "The Messenger of Allaah", "the Spirit of Allaah", "the She-Camel of Allaah" and so on, and c) The Kullaabiyyah, Ash'ariyyah agreed perfectly with the Jahmiyyah and Mu'tazilah that the Kalaam which is the Qur'an is created (because they fell prey to their doubts pertaining to Allah's chosen actions, which they referred to as hawaadith), but then they devised an innovated attribute they called Kalaam Nafsee (a meaning in the self). So they all agree with each other and the dispute between the Mu'tazilah and Ash'ariyyah is the doctrine of kalam nafsee. The Kullaabiyyah Ash'ariyyah made a pretence of affirming "kalam" (speech) for Allaah, whilst trying not to clash with the proof of huduth al-ajsaam which all the Kalaam groups were united upon. So the Mu'tazilah, seeing this sophistry, destroyed and pulverized the Ash'arites by saying to them (see here from al-Buti):

What you call kalam (a meaning in the self) is nothing but Allaah's knowledge (ilm) [as it relates to whatever is a khabar in the Qur'an] and wish (iraadah) [as it relates to whatever is a request in the Qur'an] and we consider these attributes synonymous with the essence, and since you tried to flee from affirming multiplicity for Allaah by claiming Kalaam (as you see it, the Kalaam nafsee) is just a singular indivisible meaning in the essence (which in reality is just ilm and iraadah to us, which we consider synonymous with the essence), then why don't you just say that all the seven attributes you affirm are likewise just a single meaning, synonymous with the essence in order to avoid affirming multiplicity in Allaah's essence, because if you have done it for Allaah's Kalaam (speech), in the sense you want to avoid affirming multiple instances of speech in Allaah's essence which have different meanings, then do it likewise for multiple attributes that have different meanings, and just say that they are either all synonymous with the essence (and not independent attributes of the essence) or they are all just one attribute and that this attribute is synonymous with Allaah's essence and not additional to the essence. So either you agree completely with us Mu'tazilah, the true Muwahhideen and become real men, or you agree completely with those Hashawi Mujassims (meaning Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah) and be real men, but don't stand in the middle as effeminate, emasculated, sissified eunuchs.

This stumped, baffled, bazookered, bewildered and bazongled the Ash'arites and to this day they have been mute with no answer - until many centuries ago, al-Aaamidee (d. 631H) himself in his book Abkaar al-Afkaar had to admit by saying, "this is beyond me, I can't answer it, maybe the answer can be found with somebody else(!)" However, the point here his that all of them are agreed the Arabic Qur'an is created. And Ibn Khuzaymah is refuting them all.

Then the Jahmites would say the Qur'an is maf'ul (manufactured, made), and they would use as proof the saying of Allaah, "We have made this (ja'alnaahu) as an Arabic Qur'an..." (43:3), claiming it is a maj'ul, maf'ul (manufactured, made).

Likewise they would say that the Qur'an is Muhdath (recent, originated) and what the Jahmites meant by this is that it is recent in the knowledge of Allaah, because the Jahmites claimed that Allaah only knows things after they occur ,and sine the Qur'an is a creation of Allaah, it is recent in His knowledge. This is why in Imaam Ahmad's debates with the Jahmites, they said to him "What do you say about the Qur'an?" and he knew what they meant, so he said to them, "What do you say about Allaah's knowledge (ilm)?", and his intent was that the Qur'an is from Allaah's knowledge, so if the Qur'an is created, or recent (Muhdath) it means that Allaah's knowledge is created, or recent (meaning not eternal). The Jahmites would use verses in the Qur'an to argue this (21:2, 26:5) which they misinterpreted. these verses refer to the Qur'an being recent (Muhdath) in the knowledge of the Prophet and the Believers, not with Allaah.

Second: As for the Karraamiyyah Mujassimah, then one needs to understand their theology before grasping their position. The Karraamiyyah Mujassimah are in fact brethren of the Ash'ariyyah in 'ilm al-kalaam, in the proof of huduth al-ajsaam (origination of bodies). However, they were led to different conclusions. They reasoned that since attributes can only exist in bodies (ajsaam), then Allaah must be a body (jism), but they said, "a body unlike all other bodies." They said that Allaah differs from all other bodies in that all other bodies can never be devoid of hawaadith, ever, at all, but as for Allaah, He spent a period of eternity without any hawaadith (events, occurrences), but that subsequently, hawaadith are permissible for Him. So they differed with their brethren in Ahl al-Kalam on this principle of bodies never being free of hawaadith (events). So Allaah, to them, is a body, but unlike all other bodies and He became one who speaks, after not being one who speaks. In other words Allaah can bring about hawaadith (events) within Himself, thus, when He wants to be seeing, then He acquires this new attribute. So they made it permissible for hawaadith in his essence. Now this is totally different to Allaah have actions tied to His will and power, which the Mu'attilah reject because they consider them to be hawaadith, and they confuse between the saying of the Karraamiyyah of the setting in of events in Allaah's essence through acquisition of attributes and between the saying of Ahl al-Sunnah that Allaah has actions tied to His will and power alongside his attributes being eternal. To Ahl al-Sunnah Allaah has always been one who speaks, in eternity, likewise one who always has been hearing, seeing, knowing and so on. So to the Karraamiyyah Allaah is a body (jism) that was free of hawaadith for a period in eternity, and although He had the power to be one who speaks, or hears, sees, speaks and so on, He only acquired them after a period in eternity, and thus when He wished to, He became hearing, seeing, speaking and so on. The Karraamiyyah said therefore that it is permissible for these attributes to be haadith (recent) in the essence of Allaah and they distinguished between what is haadith (recent in Allaah's essence) and Muhdath (what is recent but is created, separate from Allaah). So from here the view of the Karraamiyyah is that the Kalaam (speech) of Allaah is haadith (recent) in Allah's essence, and they also said that the Qur'an is haadith (recent) in Allaah's essence. However, they held that the Qur'an is uncreated speech of Allaah and would refute the Jahmites, and they are further from the view of the Jahmites than the Ash'ariyyah, Maturidiyyah. So the Karraamiyyah are not intended by the above statement, since the refutation of them is from another angle altogether in that they permitted the acquisition of attributes in Allaah's essence.

Then the saying of Ibn Khuzaymah:

فمن زعم أن شيئا منه مخلوق أو محدث أو زعم أن الكلام من صفة الفعل فهو جهمي ضال مبتدع
Whoever claimed that anything from it is makhluq, or Muhdath or claimed that Kalaam is an attribute of action (sifat al-fi'l), then he is misguided Jahmite innovator...

The first two, makhluq (created), Muhdath (originated) are both clear and they are in refutation of the views of the Jahmiyyah, Mu'tazilah. And likewise those of the Kullaabiyyah, Ash'ariyah and Maturidiyyah all of whom treat the Arabic Qur'an, which is from Allah's speech to be created, originated (see here, here, here and here), and they distinguish between it and between what they innovated of the kalam nafsee doctrine, and in this they opposed Ahl al-Sunnah, since Ahl al-Sunnah only know of one Qur'an - see Imam al-Tahawi take care of those Jahmites here in this article, and likewise Ibn Qudaamah in this article here.

But it is the next part that needs elaboration, because is this what the Ash'arite pretenders to knowledge don't really grasp, his saying (أو زعم أن الكلام من صفة الفعل) "...or claimed that Kalaam is an attribute of action (sifat al-fi'l)..." What he is referring to is based upon the saying of the Mu'tazilah (and they were followed in this by the Kullaabiyyah and Ash'ariyyah) that Allah's action is whatever is separate and distinct from His essence, and it is whatever takes place in His creation, and it is said to be an action of His only metaphorically, not that it actually is an action established with His essence. They said "the action of creation is the creation itself", there is no action in between. They said, "al-fi'l huwa al-maf'ul", the act is the very thing resulting from the act. Al-Bukhaaree refuted these people in his Sahih when he brought proofs to show that there is faa'il (the doer), the fi'l) (the action) and the maf'ul (that which results from the action). So in this saying here where Ibn Khuzaymah is describing a Jahmite saying, he means that they are trying to say the Qur'an is a sifatu fi'l upon this particular understanding, that is, a created entity separate from Allaah's which can be said to belong to Allaah, just like we say "Allaah's Messenger" and "Allaah's House" and "Allaah's she-camel" and so on. This was how they tried to tackle the problem of Allaah having actions because it clashed with their proof of huduth al-ajsaam. This is essentially what the Mutakallilmeen tried to do with Allaah's actions, to avoid ascribing "change" in His essence, since if actions are established with His essence, it signifies change. Thus when it is said Allah's "act of creation", it is nothing but the creation itself, there is no act established with Allaah that is said to be "creation", so they said "al-khalq [the act of creating] is but the creation itself." However, actions are established with Allaah, and how Allaah performs His actions are not the same as how the creation perform their actions. The issue here is that actions are established with Allaah, the Exalted.

Built upon this foundation, they said the Qu'ran is "sifat al-fi'l" an attribute of action for Allaah, but they mean here that which is created, separate from Allaah's essence, in the manner just described above, without any action being established with His essence, rather His action is whatever is external to His essence, and is what is in His creation. And through this they actually meant the Qur'an is created, it is an act of Allaah, meaning that which is separate from Allaah as a created entity, something which is maf'ul, maj'ul (manufactured, made). So Ibn Khuzaymah said about such a one, "then he is misguided Jahmite innovator." This is the same approach that the Ash'arites took towards Allaah's istiwaa and nuzul and they said "Yes, this is an action of Allaah", but what they really mean by this is that "istiwaa" is an act taking place in the Throne, not that it is an actual act established with Allaah's essence. So you get the point, and this is what they said of the Arabic Qur'an, that it is an act of Allaah, meaning something created, separate from Him. And it is for this reason that you see Ibn Khuzaymah mention both these actions of Allaah, istiwaa and nuzul a little later, in order to establish that these are Af'aal Ikhtiyaariyyah (chosen actions) and Sifaat Fi'liyyah, that these are actual actions Allaah performs, without kayf, without being like those of the creation, and his intent is to establish that indeed Allaah has actions tied to His will and power and they are His actions in reality.

Then Ibn Khuzaymah said:

وأقول لم يزل الله متكلما والكلام له صفة ذات
And I say: Allah has never ceased to be mutakallim (one who speaks), and speech (Kalaam) is an attribute of the essence for Him.

This is a refutation of the Karraamiyyah who claim Allaah is subject to hawaadith (events,occurrences) in His essence, and they mean by this the acquisition of attributes (sifaat). As for Ahl al-Sunnah they say that Allaah has always been one who speaks, one who see, one who hears, one who wishes, one who knows and so on, He never acquired any new attribute, rather He has always possessed His attributes, and Kalaam (speech) is one of those attributes, it is an attributes of His essence, and in addition to this (as Ibn Khuzaymah) explains a little later, Allaah also speaks as and when He wills. This position of Ahl al-Sunnah is different to the saying of the Karraamiyyah who said Allaah became one who speaks as and when He wills after not being one who speaks as and when He wills, after not having the attribute of Kalaam. As for the Jahmite Ash'ari heretics of today, they do not distinguish between the saying of the Imaams of the Salaf, the Imaams of Ahl al-Sunnah and the saying of the Karraamiyyah, and as a result of which they continue to slander and earn great sins for themselves.

Then Ibn Khuzaymah said:

ومن زعم أن الله لم يتكلم إلا مرة ولم يتكلم إلا ما تكلم به ثم انقضى كلامه كفر بالله
And whoever claims that Allaah did not speak except once, and did not speak except what He already spoke with (in that one instance) and then His speech expired, his statement is disbelief in Allaah.

This is a refutation of the Ash'arite heretics who claim that Allaah only spoke once in eternity, and that this is the singular, indivisible meaning and that Allaah does not speak according to His will and power and that Allaah will never speak other than that which exists with Him of the eternal singular indvisible kalam which is just a single meaning. This means that He never spoke to Moses with actual speak established with His essence, and that He will not speak to the Believers on the Day of Judgement with actual speech and so on, and all the other instances of speech established with Allaah's essence, they reject them all and claim Allaah is not able to speak and cannot speak with His will and power, and in this they likened him to the mute and dumb from the inanimate things, and in trying to flee from tajsim and tashbih, they fell into a worse form of it.

Ahl al-Sunnah believe Allah is the doer of whatever He will, He speaks as and when He wills with whatever He wills, He spoke to the Angels before creating Adam, He ordered them to prostrate after creating Adam, He spoke the Torah, the Injil, the Qur'an, He will speak on the Day of Judgement. However, the Mutakallimin refer to this as hulul al-hawaadith (occurrence of events) in Allaah's essence, which to them means Allaah is a body, upon the language and proof they took from the Sabean star and idol-worshipping pagan disbelievers who based this proof upon the language, terminology and classification of the Greek Philosophers of al-ajsaam and al-a'raad.

Then Ibn Khuzaymah said:

وأنه ينزل تعالى إلى سماء الدنيا فيقول هل من داع فأجيبه فمن زعم أن علمه تنزل أوامره ضل ويكلم عباده بلا كيف <<الرحمن على العرش استوى>> لا كما قالت الجهمية إنه على الملك احتوى ولا استولى
And that He descends to the lowest heaven and says "Is there any supplicant to whom I respond", so whoever claimed that it is His knowledge and command that descends has gone astray. And He will speak to His servants without how (kayf). And "The Most Merciful ascended over the Throne", not as the Jahmites said that He has encompassed the dominion, and nor that he conquered (istawlaa).

At this point Ibn Khuzaymah brings two issues, that of al-nuzul and al-istiwaa to clarify what has preceded and He intends by this to show that Allaah has actions tied to His will and power, and He rebuts the false ta'wils of the Jahmiyyah and Mu'tazilah (and the Ash'arites who followed them) - and the intent here is that none of this is what the Jahmites refer to as either haawaadith (events) or Muhdath (originated), since Ahl al-Sunnah believe Allah has actions tied to His will and power, and does what He wills and this does not necessitate that He is originated, since He who is uncreated, without beginning and end, then all of what emanates from Him of His actions is also uncreated, unlike created bodies, who are preceded with non-existence, and thus everything from them is also created, their attributes, their actions. So when the Jahmites denied these facts, and denied these actions of Allaah, the Salaf responded to them by saying "We believe in a Lord that does what He wills."

Finally, he said:

وإن الله يخاطب عباده عودا وبدءا ويعيد عليهم قصصه وأمره ونهيه ومن زعم غير ذلك فهو ضال مبتدع
And indeed Allaah speaks to His servants repeatedly, recurringly, and repeats to them His stories (qasas), His commands, His prohibitions, and anyone who claims other than that is a straying innovator.

So again, the example of Allaah speaking with whatever He wills, whenever He wills, and the intent of Ibn Khuzaymah is again to establish the doctrine of Ahl al-Sunnah that Allaah has always been one who speaks, and that He also speaks as and when He wills with whatever He wills and that this is from His utmost perfection that He speaks whenever He wills. As for the Ash'arite heretics, they made tashbih between Allaah and inanimate objects that are not able to speak at all, and do not speak according to will. And in the Qur'an Allaah rebuked the idolators when He said "Do they not see that it does not return any speech to them" (20:89), so Allah made this a sign of Ilaahiyyah, the ability to speak with will, and Allaah indeed speaks and returns speech with His will. So those who tried to flee tashbih, they fell into worse tashbih by likening Allaah to the dumb and mute inanimate things - so may Allah fight this reprehensible tashbih and its proponents!

Conclusion and Summary

The contemporary Ash'arite Heretics parrot and quote statements they do not even understand, thinking that these statements are refuting that Allaah has chosen actions, when the reality is something else. Mostly, their brains have been toasted and roasted by that jawhar and 'arad they made to be the foundational language of their theology, and in all that confusion, they are unable to distinguish between the sayings of the Jahmites, the Mu'tazilites, the Karraamiyyah, their own viewpoint, and the viewpoint of Ahl al-Sunnah. Upoin this compound ignorance, they continue to slander Ahl al-Sunnah, the adherents to the way of the Salaf with that which they are innocent and free of.

Further Reading

These articles cover this topic in more detail and depth, so you can refer to them:

  • The Jahmite Ash'aris: The Qur'an Present With Us is 'Muhdath' Meaning (To Them) Created - Ibn Battah's (d. 387H) Refutation of the Jahmites of Old With A Clarification of the Doubts of Contemporary Jahmite Ash'aris Regarding What is 'Muhdath' - (see here)
  • Did the Salaf Believe 'The Qur'an Came into Existence From Non-Existence' - Confuting the Doubt of the Jahmite Ash'aris And an Illustration of Their Ignorance and Deception Regarding 'Muhdath', 'Haadith', 'Hudooth' and Allaah's Actions Tied To His Will - (see here)
  • A Reply to the Doubt of the Jahmite Ash'aris Regarding What is 'Muhdath' and What is 'Makhlooq' - Which Is The Very Doubt of Jahm bin Safwaan - And Their Attempt To Negate Allaah's Actions By Way Of It - (see here)


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The History and Origins of the Kalam Theology of the Asharis and Maturidis
Revelation, Philosophy and Kalam: The Creed of the Salaf Versus the Creed of the Asharis and Maturidis
The Creed of the Kullabi Asharis Preview: Part 11 - Concerning the Affirmation and Negation of Al-Hadd and the Doubts of the Jahmites
The Divine Attributes: The Righteous Salaf vs the Heretical Kalam Schools - Part 2: Which Door Did the Ash'aris and Maturidis Come Through?
The Divine Attributes: The Righteous Salaf vs the Heretical Kalam Schools - Part 1: Introduction
The Saying of the Salaf (منه بدأ وإليه يعود), Imaam Al-Tahawi's Uncreated Single Qur'an and Sa'eed Foudah's Two Qur'an Doctrine: Part 3
The Saying of the Salaf (منه بدأ وإليه يعود), Imaam Al-Tahawi's Uncreated Single Qur'an and Sa'eed Foudah's Two Qur'an Doctrine: Part 2
The Saying of the Salaf (منه بدأ وإليه يعود), Imaam Al-Tahawi's Uncreated Single Qur'an and Sa'eed Foudah's Two Qur'an Doctrine: Part 1
Another Dishonest and Resentful Jahmite (Nizar Hammadi) Trying to Malign Ibn Taymiyyah: Regarding Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi's Confusion
Deconstructing the Micro Madrasa (Of Ilm Al-Kalaam and Tajahhum) of Ibrahim Osi-Efa (Liverpool, UK): Part 4

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Destroying the Slander of Tajsim (Anthropomorphism) Against Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah: Part 1 - Developing The Framework
Ibn Taymiyyah Compared With the Philosophers: Exposing Abu Adam al-Naruiji's Academic Fraud - Part 5: Ahl al-Sunnah, the Philosophers and Ahl al-Kalaam on Allaah's Actions and Origins of the Universe - Continued...
Aristotle of Stageira, Philo of Alexandria, Augustine of Hippo, the Sabeans of Harraan, the Mu'tazilites of Basrah and Baghdad and the Jahmite Ash'ari Heretics of Today Claiming Orthodoxy- Part 1
Ibn Taymiyyah Compared With the Philosophers: Exposing Abu Adam al-Naruiji's Academic Fraud - Part 4: Ahl al-Sunnah, the Philosophers and Ahl al-Kalaam on Allaah's Actions and Origins of the Universe
The American Chestnut Tree, The Willow Tree, Jahm Bin Safwan, The Mu'tazilah, Ibn Kullaab and the Early and Later Ash'aris - An Illustration
Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (Imaam of the Later Ash'aris): If the Prophet Invited to Belief in Allaah Through the Language and Terminology of the Ash'arites, Not even One in a Thousand Would Accept It! Rather the Majority Would Tend to Atheism!
Destroying the Slander of Tajsim (Anthropomorphism) Against Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah: Part 2 - Ahl al-Sunnah, Ibn Kullab, al-Ash'ari and the Early Kullabis, Ash'aris
Destroying the Slander of Tajsim (Anthropomorphism) Against Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah: Part 3 - The Mu'attilah and Mujassimah Share the Same Base and Foundation For Their Ta'teel and Tajseem
Undercover Ash'aris: Understanding The Intellectual Fraud Needed by Today's Ash'aris To Prop Up and Defend their (Neo-Jahmite) Creed: Analysis of a Sample of Marifah Apologeticism Regarding Distinction Between the Attributes - Part 1
Destroying the Slander of Tajsim (Anthropomorphism) Against Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah: Part 9 - The Accusation of Tajsim and Tashbih Against al-Qadi Abu Ya'laa al-Hanbali

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Key Topics
21st century kalam atomistabdullaah ibn al-mubaarakabdullah ali al-aminabdul-qadir al-jeelaaneeabdul-qadir al-jilaniabu abdullah bin hamidabu adam al-naruijiabu adam naruijiabu adam narujiabu al-abbas al-qalanisiabu al-hasan bin al-zaghuniabu al-hudhayl al-allaafabu ali al-ahwaziabu bakr al-baqillaniabu bakr al-ismaa'eeleeabu bakr al-isma'iliabu bilal malikiabu fadl al-tamimiabu hamid al-ghazaliabu hanifahabu hasan al-ash'ariabu isma'il al-harawiabu layth bin ataaabu mansur al-baghdadiabu ya'laaabul-hasan ibn mahdi at-tabariaccidentadh-dhahabeeadh-dhahabiaf'aal ikhtiyaariyyahahl al-kalaamahl al-kalamahmad bin sinan al-waasiteeahmed cobraakhbaar ul-aahaadal-aamideeal-akhtalal-amidial-'aradal-arshal-ash'areeal-asharial-ash'arial-baqillanial-bayhaqial-bukhaareeal-dhahabial-ghazalial-haddal-hawaadithal-ibanahal-istiwaaal-jahm bin safwanal-jawhar al-fardal-jihahal-jismal-juwayneeal-juwaynial-kawthareeal-khateeb al-baghdaadeeal-khatib al-baghdadiallaah's angerallaah's namesallaah's pleasureal-milal wan-nihalal-muhasibial-naruijial-nawaweeal-nawawial-qadi abd al-wahhab al-malikial-qadi abu ya'laaal-qalanisial-qurtubeeal-qurtubial-qushayrial-razial-shahrastanial-tabyinal-taftazanial-tahawial-tarkibal-uluwwal-uluwwwal-wajhal-yadan-nadhr al-istidlaalan-nawawianthropomorphismanthropomorphistsa'raad'aradaristotelian metaphysicsaristotelians anonymousaristotlear-raziarshasaas ut-taqdisashareesash'areesash'ariash'ari burnoutashari scholarsash'ari scholarsasharisash'ariteash'aritesash'ariyyahasmaaasrar rasheedasrar rashidas-sanusiatabek shukrov nasafiatheismatomismat-tabariat-tirmidheeaugustineaydinbaqillanibarelwibayaan talbees al-jahmiyyahbayjooribayjuribelief sciencebetter ash'aribi dhatihibishr al-mareesibucket theologycompetition cornercompositeday of arafahdemocritusdetoxdivisibleearly asharisearly ash'ariseesaaencompassmentfake hanbalisfakhr al-din al-razifakhr ud-din ar-razifalaasifahfalsafahfaqirfawqiyyahforty hadithgf haddadghadabgrave worshipgreek philosophershaadithhaashiyahhanbalisharfharranhellenismhishaamiyyahhizb ut-tahrirhudoothhudooth ul-ajsaamhuloolhulul al-hawadithibn abi zayd al-qayrawaniibn al-mutahhiribn asaakiribn asakiribn battahibn darbasibn fawrakibn hajribn hajr al-asqalaniibn jareer at-tabariibn jarir al-tabariibn khuzaymahibn kullaabibn kullabibn mahdi al-tabariibn seenaibn sinaibn taymiyyahibrahim osi-efaidol worshipihaatahilm al-kalaamilm al-kalamilm ul-kalamimaam adh-dhahabiimaam ahmadimaam ahmad bin hanbalimaam ash-shaafi'eeimam malikinqisaamintercessionintoxicationistidlaalistiwaaithbaatittihaadityaanjahm bin safwaanjahm bin safwanjahmee baleedjahmeespeakjahmi baleedjahmitejahmite ash'arisjahmitesjahmiyyahjahmiyyah mu'tazilahjawharjawharahjawharat ut-tawhidjihahjismjismiyyahkalaamkalaam nafseekalaam nafsikalam atomismkalam nafsikarraamiyyahkhabar ul-waahidkullaabi ash'ariskullaabiyyahkullabi asharislafdhiyyahlater ash'arisliquormarifahmetaphysicsmicro madrasamuhammad abduhmuhammad anwar shah al-kashmirimuhammad fahmimuhammad sa'eed ramadan al-butimuhdathmujassimahmurakkabmushabbihahmutafalsifahmutakallimoonmu'tazilahnadhrnaqd al-tadmuriyyahnaruijinaseehah dhahabiyyahneo-hanbalisneo-platonismnihaayat ul-iqdaamnizar hammadinuh ha mim kellernuh kellernur uz zamaan institutenuzoolpersonal developmentphiladelphian jahmite ash'arisphiladelphian jahmitesphilophilosophersplatopseudo-hanbalisqadi abdul-jabbarquraanquranqu'ranqur'anqur'an creationistsridhaariyadh al-saaliheenrizqullah al-tamimisaalimiyyahsabeanssaeed foudahsaeed foudah sa'id foudahsaint worshipsalafiyyahsawtsayyid qutbseeking ilmself awarenessself helpshafaa'ahshahrastaanishahrastanisifaatsifaat dhaatiyyahsifaat fi'liyyahsifat fi'liyyahsifat khabariyyahsubstancesumaniyyahtabyin kadhib al-muftaritafweedtaj al-din al-subkitajseemtajsimtakaafu' al-adillahtakyeeftamtheeltaqi ad-din an-nabahanitaqiuddin al-nabhanitarkeebtashbeehta'teelta'weeltawhidtawhid al-ibaadahtawhid al-ibadahtawhid al-uloohiyyahtawhid al-uluhiyyahta'wilthe clinicthe quranthe thronetheologiansthomas aquinasthronetop tipsuluwwundercover ash'arisvoicewahhabiwahhabisyahyaa bin ammaaryusuf al-qaradawiyusuf an-nabahani
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