Saturday, 13 July 2024   

Never see Ash'ariyyah in the same light, ever again! Aristotle of Stageira, Philo of Alexandria, Augustine of Hippo, the Sabeans of Harraan, the Mu'tazilites of Basrah and Baghdad and the Jahmite Ash'ari Heretics of Today Claiming Orthodoxy. Read the first article, the second article, the third article, the fourth article, the fifth article.
You are here: Home Articles
What Is the Foundational Principle of the Deen of the Jahmiyyah, Mu'tazilah, Ash'ariyyah and Maturidiyyah?
Posted by Abu.Iyaad, in Articles
Topics: Hudooth Ul-ajsaam Hudooth Ul-ajsaam

  Mail To Friend    Printer Friendly Bookmark and Share

The foundational principle of the deen of the Jahmiyyah, Mu'tazilah, Ash'ariyyah and Maturidiyyah is their proof for the rational demonstration of the createdness of the universe, which in turn proves the Creator. This is the basis of their religion. For more details on this, you need to read this article.

Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said in his book "an-Nubuwwaat" - a refutation of al-Baqillani on some of his views on the subject of Prophethood and Miracles - so he said in Volume 1, page 255 (tahqeeq by at-Tawiyaan):

And the intent here is that these (people) they made this to be the foundation of their religion and their faith, and they made inspection (an-nadhar) of this evidence to be an obligatory consideration upon every single person (mukallaf), and (they held) that anyone who does not look into this evidence, then either his faith is invalid, and as such he is a disbeliever - based upon the view of one faction amongst them - or he is sinful upon the saying of others, or he is a blind-follower who has no knowledge of his religion, but his blind-following will benefit him, and he will become a believer through it, without being disobedient.

And all three sayings are futile, because they branch off from a foundation which (is itself) futile - which is that (to them) the inspection, reflection (an-nadhar) which is the foundation of the religion, is this inspection of this evidence (i.e. their rational demonstration through jism, 'arad and hudooth). The scholars of the Muslims know by necessity that the Messenger did not call the creation to this reflection (nadhar), and nor (call them) by this evidence, neither the generality of the creation, and nor the specific ones amongst them. Thus it is impossible for this to be a condition for faith and knowledge.

What is this evidence? It is the evidence that demonstrates the created nature of the universe through the use of basic underlying notions (borrowed from the Greek philosophers) such as Aristotle's substance (jawhar) and accident ('arad), and the Atomism theory (the indivisible particle). And it is called "hudooth ul-ajsaam", a specific and intricate rational demonstration of the createdness of the universe that these people made binding. We have covered this elsewhere and you should go through this article where it is mentioned in more detail.

And this became the foundational principle of the entire religion to these people (the Jahmiyyah, Mu'tazilah, Ash'ariyyah and Maturidiyyah) - and around this foundational principle did they build their formulation of their creed - and thus they fell into what they fell into. And when they say "Usool ud-Deen", the foundations of the religion, this is what they mean by it - the rational validation of their faith, and in this they have simply "borrowed" or been influenced by the Mu'tazilah - with subsidiary differences that they argue upon.

The verifier (of "an-Nubuwwaat") brings some quotations from the Ash'arite Mutakallimoon (Theologians) in the notes and a quote from Abu Mansoor al-Maaatureedee:

From al-Maatureedee in "at-Tawheed" (p. 129):

There is no path to knowledge of Him, except through [the method] of the [rational demonstration of the] universe providing evidence for Him...

And what they mean here is their Kalaam theology, what they have laid down as being the rational demonstration of the createdness of the universe.

And Abu Hamid al-Ghazaalee in "Tahaafut al-Falaasifah" (p.197):

...So it has become clear that anyone who does not believe in "hudooth ul-ajsaam", then there is no basis for his belief in the creator, fundamentally (i.e. at all)...

And as-Saawee says in "Sharh Jawharat ut-Tawheed" (p.61):

... And the truth that is to be depended upon is that he is a believer, but sinful by abandoning reflection (an-nadhar)...

He means a person who does not inspect and look at this rational proof of theirs by way of the createdness of bodies through the demonstration of a'raad (incidental attributes) and hawaadith (events, occurrences).

And Abu Bakr al-Baqillani makes this "nadhar" (argument by way of rational evidence through inspection) to be the first obligation, and he declares it obligatory upon each person to know the specifics of this rational demonstration, as occurs in his book "al-Insaaf" and also in "at-Tamheed".

And Ibn Fawrak (another prominent Ash'ari Scholar) holds it to be obligatory as indicated in the book "ash-Shaamil Fee Usool ud-Deen", as does Abu Ishaaq al-Isfaraa'eenee in the book "Sharh ul-Maqaasid".

And Abdul-Qahir al-Baghdadi, another prominent Ash'ari scholar makes the rational and intellectual inspection to be a condition for the validity of a person's faith.

He says in "Usool ud-Deen" (p.269):

From [being] a condition of the validity of faith - in our view [meaning the Ash'ariyyah] - is preceding knowledge with the intellectual foundations in Tawheed, Hikmah and 'Adl, and (in) establishing the Prophethood and Messengership, and belief (in) the Sharee'ah of islaam...

And al-Juwaynee (al-Imaam ul-Haramayn) says in "ash-Shaamil Fee Usool id-Deen" (p. 115):

Observation (an-nadhar) and inference (al-istidlaal) that lead to acquaintance of Allaah, the Sublime, are two obligations...

And what they mean by inspection and deduction of evidence is their rational demonstration, through their rational proof of al-Jawhar al-Fard.

This view is held by the majority of the Ash'arite Theologians - and there others who do not hold it to be obligatory or a condition of the validity of faith, but it is a position held by the majority of them.

And some of them speak of the disbelief (kufr) of the one who does not go into this inspection and deduction of evidence, whilst having had time to do that.

Al-Juwaynee says in "ash-Shaamil fee Usool id-Deen" (p. 122):

... And if time passed by - from the time that religious obligations applied to him - in which he had the capacity for an-nadhar (inspection and deduction of proof, rationally) leading to knowledge, and he did not inspect, despite there being no preventive barriers and he passed away after the time in which this was possible for him - then he is put alongside the disbelievers...

So some of them went to extremes as you can see.

Ibn Hajr al-Asqalani's Refutation of the Ash'aris on This Issue

Ibn Hajr al-Asqalani documented this view of the Ash'aris and refuted it with just a single verse and hadeeth. You can see that here. And Abu Ja'far as-Simnaanee, a prominent Ash'ari, turned away from the above view of the Ash'arites as Ibn Hajr explains, and he held on to this verse and hadeeth as proof to show that the ma'rifah (innate knowledge) of Allaah is in the fitrah already, and thus a person with intact sound fitrah does not need the rational demonstration that the Mu'tazilites and Ash'arites concocted. And Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani quotes the saying of as-Simnaanee (Fath ul-Baree 13/97): of the issues of the Mu'tazilah that remained in the (Ash'ari) madhhab...

Imaam an-Nawawee's Refutation of the Asha'rite Theologians on This Issue

Commenting on the hadeeth, "I have been ordered to fight the people until they testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah (alone) and until they believe in me and what I have brought..." (Saheeh Muslim), an-Nawawee says in his Sharh of Saheeh Muslim (1/210-211):

In (the hadeeth) is a clear evidence for the madhhab of the muhaqqiqeen (those verifying what is correct) and the majority amongst the Salaf and the Khalaf that when a person believes in the religion of Islaam with a firm and resolute belief devoid of any doubt, that this is sufficient for him, and he is a believer amongst the Muhawahhideen. [And that] it is not obligatory upon him to learn the evidences of the Theologians and knowing Allaah, the Exalted, through them. [This being] in opposition to the one who made it obligatory and made it a condition of a person being from the the people of the qiblah [and who] claimed that he does not have the ruling [applicable to] the Muslims except through this. And this madhhab is the saying of many of the Mu'tazilah and some of our associates, the Theologians (Mutakallimoon), and it is a manifest error...

So it is apparent that the Ash'aris simply "borrowed" (again) from the Mu'tazilah, or were influenced by them in their foundations. And this is why it is said, the Ash'ariyyah are the effeminates (eunuchs) of the Mu'tazilah - being neither here nor there. And amongst themselves they differ in the details of this foundational principle of their madhhab - the issue of an-nadhar wal-istidlaal and their rational demonstration through "hudooth ul-ajsaam".

Link to this article:   Show: HTML LinkFull LinkShort Link
Share or Bookmark this page: You will need to have an account with the selected service in order to post links or bookmark this page.

Subscribe via RSS or email:
Follow us through RSS or email. Click the RSS icon to subscribe to our feed.


Related Articles:
Add a Comment
You must be registered and logged in to comment.

Don't Be Deceived By the Terminology of the Jahmiyyah!
(Introduction) (al-jism) (al-'arad) (Hulul al-hawaadith) (al-tarkib

Series View More...

Ibn Taymiyyah
Sunni Answers
The Clinic

Latest Articles
The Jahmites and the Hadith Mentioning 'Harwalah' (Allah's Haste in Reciprocating and Rewarding His Servant)
The History and Origins of the Kalam Theology of the Asharis and Maturidis
Revelation, Philosophy and Kalam: The Creed of the Salaf Versus the Creed of the Asharis and Maturidis
The Creed of the Kullabi Asharis Preview: Part 11 - Concerning the Affirmation and Negation of Al-Hadd and the Doubts of the Jahmites
The Divine Attributes: The Righteous Salaf vs the Heretical Kalam Schools - Part 2: Which Door Did the Ash'aris and Maturidis Come Through?
The Divine Attributes: The Righteous Salaf vs the Heretical Kalam Schools - Part 1: Introduction
The Saying of the Salaf (منه بدأ وإليه يعود), Imaam Al-Tahawi's Uncreated Single Qur'an and Sa'eed Foudah's Two Qur'an Doctrine: Part 3
The Saying of the Salaf (منه بدأ وإليه يعود), Imaam Al-Tahawi's Uncreated Single Qur'an and Sa'eed Foudah's Two Qur'an Doctrine: Part 2
The Saying of the Salaf (منه بدأ وإليه يعود), Imaam Al-Tahawi's Uncreated Single Qur'an and Sa'eed Foudah's Two Qur'an Doctrine: Part 1
Another Dishonest and Resentful Jahmite (Nizar Hammadi) Trying to Malign Ibn Taymiyyah: Regarding Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi's Confusion

No pages found.

Most Popular
Destroying the Slander of Tajsim (Anthropomorphism) Against Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah: Part 1 - Developing The Framework
Ibn Taymiyyah Compared With the Philosophers: Exposing Abu Adam al-Naruiji's Academic Fraud - Part 5: Ahl al-Sunnah, the Philosophers and Ahl al-Kalaam on Allaah's Actions and Origins of the Universe - Continued...
Aristotle of Stageira, Philo of Alexandria, Augustine of Hippo, the Sabeans of Harraan, the Mu'tazilites of Basrah and Baghdad and the Jahmite Ash'ari Heretics of Today Claiming Orthodoxy- Part 1
Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (Imaam of the Later Ash'aris): If the Prophet Invited to Belief in Allaah Through the Language and Terminology of the Ash'arites, Not even One in a Thousand Would Accept It! Rather the Majority Would Tend to Atheism!
Ibn Taymiyyah Compared With the Philosophers: Exposing Abu Adam al-Naruiji's Academic Fraud - Part 4: Ahl al-Sunnah, the Philosophers and Ahl al-Kalaam on Allaah's Actions and Origins of the Universe
The American Chestnut Tree, The Willow Tree, Jahm Bin Safwan, The Mu'tazilah, Ibn Kullaab and the Early and Later Ash'aris - An Illustration
Why Ibn Sina, You Exceedingly Shrewd Kafir! Thank You For Supporting Our Aristotelian Metaphysical Creed and Backing Us (Ash'aris) In Our Saying That 'Allaah Is Not Within the Creation Nor Outside Of It'
Undercover Ash'aris: Understanding The Intellectual Fraud Needed by Today's Ash'aris To Prop Up and Defend their (Neo-Jahmite) Creed: Analysis of a Sample of Marifah Apologeticism Regarding Distinction Between the Attributes - Part 1
Destroying the Slander of Tajsim (Anthropomorphism) Against Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah: Part 9 - The Accusation of Tajsim and Tashbih Against al-Qadi Abu Ya'laa al-Hanbali
Destroying the Slander of Tajsim (Anthropomorphism) Against Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa'ah: Part 2 - Ahl al-Sunnah, Ibn Kullab, al-Ash'ari and the Early Kullabis, Ash'aris

Archives (View more)
2020 • January
2018 • January
2017 • December
2014 • December
2013 • November
2013 • October
2013 • September
2013 • August
2013 • July
2013 • June
2011 • October
2011 • September

Key Topics
'arad21st century kalam atomista'raadabdul-qadir al-jeelaaneeabdul-qadir al-jilaniabdullaah ibn al-mubaarakabdullah ali al-aminabu abdullah bin hamidabu adam al-naruijiabu adam naruijiabu adam narujiabu al-abbas al-qalanisiabu al-hasan bin al-zaghuniabu al-hudhayl al-allaafabu ali al-ahwaziabu bakr al-baqillaniabu bakr al-isma'iliabu bakr al-ismaa'eeleeabu bilal malikiabu fadl al-tamimiabu hamid al-ghazaliabu hanifahabu hasan al-ash'ariabu isma'il al-harawiabu layth bin ataaabu mansur al-baghdadiabu ya'laaabul-hasan ibn mahdi at-tabariaccidentadh-dhahabeeadh-dhahabiaf'aal ikhtiyaariyyahahl al-kalaamahl al-kalamahmad bin sinan al-waasiteeahmed cobraakhbaar ul-aahaadal-'aradal-aamideeal-akhtalal-amidial-arshal-ash'areeal-ash'arial-asharial-baqillanial-bayhaqial-bukhaareeal-dhahabial-ghazalial-haddal-hawaadithal-ibanahal-istiwaaal-jahm bin safwanal-jawhar al-fardal-jihahal-jismal-juwayneeal-juwaynial-kawthareeal-khateeb al-baghdaadeeal-khatib al-baghdadial-milal wan-nihalal-muhasibial-naruijial-nawaweeal-nawawial-qadi abd al-wahhab al-malikial-qadi abu ya'laaal-qalanisial-qurtubeeal-qurtubial-qushayrial-razial-shahrastanial-tabyinal-taftazanial-tahawial-tarkibal-uluwwal-uluwwwal-wajhal-yadallaah's angerallaah's namesallaah's pleasurean-nadhr al-istidlaalan-nawawianthropomorphismanthropomorphistsar-raziaristotelian metaphysicsaristotelians anonymousaristotlearshas-sanusiasaas ut-taqdisash'areesash'ariash'ari burnoutash'ari scholarsash'ariteash'aritesash'ariyyahashareesashari scholarsasharisasmaaasrar rasheedasrar rashidat-tabariat-tirmidheeatabek shukrov nasafiatheismatomismaugustineaydinbaqillanibarelwibayaan talbees al-jahmiyyahbayjooribayjuribelief sciencebetter ash'aribi dhatihibishr al-mareesibucket theologycompetition cornercompositeday of arafahdemocritusdetoxdivisibleearly ash'arisearly ashariseesaaencompassmentfake hanbalisfakhr al-din al-razifakhr ud-din ar-razifalaasifahfalsafahfaqirfawqiyyahforty hadithgf haddadghadabgrave worshipgreek philosophershaadithhaashiyahhanbalisharfharranharwalahhellenismhishaamiyyahhizb ut-tahrirhudoothhudooth ul-ajsaamhuloolhulul al-hawadithibn abi zayd al-qayrawaniibn al-mutahhiribn asaakiribn asakiribn battahibn darbasibn fawrakibn hajribn hajr al-asqalaniibn jareer at-tabariibn jarir al-tabariibn khuzaymahibn kullaabibn kullabibn mahdi al-tabariibn seenaibn sinaibn taymiyyahibrahim osi-efaidol worshipihaatahilm al-kalaamilm al-kalamilm ul-kalamimaam adh-dhahabiimaam ahmadimaam ahmad bin hanbalimaam ash-shaafi'eeimam malikinqisaamintercessionintoxicationistidlaalistiwaaithbaatittihaadityaanjahm bin safwaanjahm bin safwanjahmee baleedjahmeespeakjahmi baleedjahmitejahmite ash'arisjahmitesjahmiyyahjahmiyyah mu'tazilahjawharjawharahjawharat ut-tawhidjihahjismjismiyyahkalaamkalaam nafseekalaam nafsikalam atomismkalam nafsikarraamiyyahkhabar ul-waahidkullaabi ash'ariskullaabiyyahkullabi asharislafdhiyyahlater ash'arisliquormarifahmetaphysicsmicro madrasamu'tazilahmuhammad abduhmuhammad anwar shah al-kashmirimuhammad fahmimuhammad sa'eed ramadan al-butimuhdathmujassimahmurakkabmushabbihahmutafalsifahmutakallimoonnadhrnaqd al-tadmuriyyahnaruijinaseehah dhahabiyyahneo-hanbalisneo-platonismnihaayat ul-iqdaamnizar hammadinuh ha mim kellernuh kellernur uz zamaan institutenuzoolpersonal developmentphiladelphian jahmite ash'arisphiladelphian jahmitesphilophilosophersplatopseudo-hanbalisqadi abdul-jabbarqu'ranqur'anqur'an creationistsquraanquranridhaariyadh al-saaliheenrizqullah al-tamimisaalimiyyahsabeanssaeed foudahsaeed foudah sa'id foudahsaint worshipsalafiyyahsawtsayyid qutbseeking ilmself awarenessself helpshafaa'ahshahrastaanishahrastanisifaatsifaat dhaatiyyahsifaat fi'liyyahsifat fi'liyyahsifat khabariyyahsubstancesumaniyyahta'teelta'weelta'wiltabyin kadhib al-muftaritafweedtaj al-din al-subkitajseemtajsimtakaafu' al-adillahtakyeeftamtheeltaqi ad-din an-nabahanitaqiuddin al-nabhanitarkeebtashbeehtawhidtawhid al-ibaadahtawhid al-ibadahtawhid al-uloohiyyahtawhid al-uluhiyyahthe clinicthe quranthe thronetheologiansthomas aquinasthronetop tipsuluwwundercover ash'arisvoicewahhabiwahhabisyahyaa bin ammaaryusuf al-qaradawiyusuf an-nabahani
Copyright © 2024 . All rights reserved. RSSTagsPrivacyLegal and Terms of UseSitemap