Uncovering the Innovated Terminology of the Jahmiyyah and Their Relatives from Ahl al-Kalaam (Ash'aris, Maturidis): Part 4 - The Term 'Hulul al-Hawaadith'|
Posted by Abu.Iyaad on Wednesday, December, 22 2010 and filed under Articles
Key topics: Ilm Al-kalaam Ahl Al-Kalaam Al-hawaadith Hulul Al-hawadith
The Term 'Hulul al-Hawaadith'
This is from the greatest of the dubious terms and in which there is the greatest battle and contention between the followers of the revealed Books and the sent Messengers and between the followers of the Hellenized Jews, Christians and Sabeans, those who contradict the revealed texts with their reason (aql), and think reason is definitive over the revealed texts.
This is a dubious term which has never come in the Book or the Sunnah, and a straight translation would mean "the setting in of events" and they mean in Allaah's essence. The term "haadith" means a recent event, of recent occurrence. The usages of the Innovators of this phrase "hulul al-hawaadith" can be summarized with the following affairs:
So the view of Ahl al-Sunnah is:
Further Elaboration and Notes
We need to have a little history lesson here first:
Al-Jahm bin Safwaan, in debating with the Philosophers and having taken the foundation of his logic and argument from al-Ja'd bin Dirham (who had taken this from the students of the Hellenized Jews, Christians and Sabeans), stated that whatever we see around are either bodies and their attributes. And their attributes (like colors, dimensions, tastes, smells and so on, whatever is perceived by the senses) cannot exist on their own, they have to exist in bodies. Because they need bodies to exist, then all these attributes must be originated. But, since bodies are never free of theses originated attributes (which can never exist on their own), then the bodies too must be originated. This now is a proof against those atheist Philosophers that the universe is originated and whatever is originated must have an originator, creator. Now, his disputants accepted this from him and said, "Describe your Lord to us." So when he tried to describe His Lord, and saw what is in the Book and the Sunnah of names implying attributes, and attributes and actions, he realized it would falsify his proof. And because he believed this was the only way to prove Allaah's existence, and that this is pure sound reason, then it cannot be opposed. Thus, he denied all names, attributes and actions, because it would mean Allaah is a jism and therefore created. So he called this affirmation to be "hulul al-a'raad fee dhaatillaah" (the setting in of incidental attributes in Allaah's essence), or to put it another way "maa laa yakhlu anil-hawaadith fahuwa haadith" (whatever is not devoid of events, occurrences, is itself originated). This was the foundation of all of his ta'teel and tahreef of the texts. And thus did he institute the deen of the Jahmites upon this false premise.
This historical background should now make clear to you what the innovators mean by this term which they flash around making a fake display of piety in trying to "free Allaah of imperfections" as they claim.
From this you will be able to grasp the nature of the battle, the battle of pure fresh wholesome milk coming from the spring of the Book and the Sunnah and of blood, puss and dung coming from the spring and fountain of the language (lughah), reason (aql) and introspection (nadhar) of the Hellenized Jews, Christians and Sabeans - all of whom deviated from prior prophethood, and therefore used their own tools and resources to speak in matters of the unseen. Allah sent the Messenger to invalidate this falsehood and to revive the light of revelation, and how appropriate is the saying of that Shafi'ite Imaam, Ibn Surayj (d. 306H), as narrated from him by Abu Ismaa'eel al-Harawi (d. 481H) in "Dhamm ul-Kalaam" with his isnaad and as mentioned by Ibn Taymiyyah in "Bayaan Talbees al-Jahmiyyah":
توحيد اهل العلم وجماعة المسلمين أشهد أن لا اله الا الله وان محمدا رسول الله وتوحيد اهل الباطل الخوض في الأعراض والأجسام وانما بعث النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بانكار ذلك
The Tawheed of the people of knowledge and the jamaa'ah of the Muslims is "I testify none is worthy of worship except Allaah (alone) and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah". And the Tawheed of the people of falsehood is disputing about al-a'raad (incidental attributes) and al-ajsaam (bodies) and the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) was sent with the rejection of that.
Allaahu Akbar! Is there truer speech than this regarding the reality of the Innovators?!
As for the issue of proving Allaah's actions tied to His will and power, then the entire Qur'an is full of it and a person has to be either blind in vision and insight not to actually see it. There are a multitude of verses but it is not our purpose in this article to exhaust them, we simply wanted to present what is actually meant by these people when they say "hulul al-hawaadith." However, it would not be complete if we did not give an example from the thousands that can be given which are found in the Book and the Sunnah. So here is one verse as an example:
يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ قَدْ أَنجَيْنَاكُم مِّنْ عَدُوِّكُمْ وَوَاعَدْنَاكُمْ جَانِبَ الطُّورِ الْأَيْمَنَ وَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَنَّ وَالسَّلْوَى. كُلُوا مِن طَيِّبَاتِ مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ وَلَا تَطْغَوْا فِيهِ فَيَحِلَّ عَلَيْكُمْ غَضَبِي وَمَن يَحْلِلْ عَلَيْهِ غَضَبِي فَقَدْ هَوَى
O Children of Israel! We delivered you from your enemy, and We made a covenant with you on the right side of the Mount, and We sent down to you al-manna and quails, (saying) eat of the good lawful things wherewith We have provided you, and commit no oppression therein, lest My Anger should justly descend on you. And he on whom My Anger descends, he is indeed perished. (Ta-Ha 20:80-81)
So in this verse we see Allaah have saved Banee Israa'eel from their enemy, the Fir'awn, and then He made a covenant with them, and then He sent down al-manna and quails upon them. All these are actions established with Allaah, and which Allaah chose to do.
This proves that Allaah is a living, speaking, acting Lord, who speaks and acts according to His will and wish, as and when He wills, and He has never ceased to be like this, in eternity, and this is considered utmost perfection. However, to the Ahl al-Kalaam this is kufr and Tajseem and necessitates the non-existence of Allaah Himself, because it implies hawaadith. In reality, what they are doing is resembling Allaah to inanimate things who cannot speak or act, let alone speak and act according to will and wish, as and when He wills. And when speaking and acting as and when one wishes is a sign of perfection for man, then Allaah is most worthy of that perfection, to the greatest degree, even though His will, speech and action is unlike ours.
This matter has been elaborated in other articles with relevant proofs, you can see by way of example, the following articles, the second one has many proofs from the Qu'ran regarding this subject: