Qaadee Abu Bakr al-Baqillani (Early Ash'ari) Affirms the Sifaat Dhaatiyyah and Sifaat Fi'liyyah (Nuzool, Ityaan) Without Takyeef or Ta'weel|
Posted by Abu.Iyaad on Monday, June, 29 2009 and filed under Articles
Key topics: Abu Bakr Al-Baqillani Sifaat Fi'liyyah Nuzool Ityaan Abu Bakr Al-Baqillani Sifaat Fi'liyyah Nuzool Ityaan
He is the Qaadee Abu Bakr al-Baqillani who was born around the middle of the fourth century (hijri) and died in 403H (around 1013CE) in Baghdad. He is a prominent Ash'ari theologian and is touted by the Ash'aris as one of their luminaries - and Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah has words regarding him, stating in meaning that he was amongst the better ones of the Ash'aris - as he was closer to the truth in certain affairs. al-Baqillani was the one who laid down many of the intellectual foundations for the Ash'ari madhhab and he is held as the second most important figure in the Ash'arite theology.
He is the author of the book: "At-Tamheed al-Awaa'il wa Talkhees ud-Dalaa'il" - a book which focuses on the issues of creed, and it is found with a different name in the Paris manuscript, "at-Tahmeed fee ar-Radd 'alal-Mulhida was-Raafidah wal-Khawaarij wal-Mu'tazilah". He also has other works such as "adh-Dhabb an Abi Hasan al-Ash'ari" and a work titled "al-Ibaanah" and he has some letters he has written which are mentioned and quoted in the works of some of the Scholars.
In this article we will quote what Imaam adh-Dhahabee (rahimahullaah) has quoted from al-Baqillani's works on the issue of Affirmation of Allaah's Attributes of the Essence (Sifaat Dhaataiyyah), al-uluww (Allaah's highness above the creation), and some of Allaah's Sifaat Fi'liyyah (Attributes of Action)
Likewise, our speech regarding all of what is reported from the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) regarding the Attributes of Allaah - when they are authentic - such as affirmation of the two Hands, and the Face, the two Eyes. And we say that He will come (ya'tee) on the Day of Judgement upon the shadows of the clouds, and that He descends (yanzilu) to the lowest heaven (as-samaa ad-dunyaa), as occurs in the hadeeth, and that He is ascended (mustawin) above His Throne ...
until he said:
And we have already explained the religion of the leading scholars and [of] Ahl us-Sunnah that these attributes are to be passed on as they have come, without takyeef (asking about or delving into their true nature), tahdeed (defining), tajnees ( classifying) and tasweer (imagining) - just as has been reported from az-Zuhree and Maalik regarding al-istiwaa (Allah's ascending above the Throne). So whoever goes beyond this has transgressed, innovated and gone astray.
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