Abu Hasan al-Ash'ari's Affirmation of al-Uluww and al-Istiwaa for Allaah With His Essence, and Refutation of the Ta'wils of the Jahmiyyah and Mu'tazilah|
Posted by Abu.Iyaad on Friday, September, 04 2009 and filed under Articles
Key topics: Al-Ash'ari Al-Ash'aree Al-Ibanah Al-Uluww Al-Istiwaa Al-Ash'ari Al-Ash'aree Al-Ibanah Al-Uluww Al-Istiwaa
Imaam adh-Dhahabi has documented numerous of the writings of Abul-Hasan al-Ash'ari in which he affirms that Allaah is above the Throne, above the heaven, with His Essence, and rejects the ta'wils of the Jahmites and Mu'tazilah. And al-Ash'ari adopted the creed of Ibn Kullab during the second of the three distinct stages in his creed (Mu'tazili to Kullaabi to Athari), and Ibn Kullab affirmed Allaah is above the Throne, above the heaven, with His Essence, and in general had good positions on the sifaat as he tended towards the people of hadeeth, and this creed of Ibn Kullab influenced Abul-Hasan al-Ash'ari - even though it had aspects of trying to reconcile between the creed of the Mu'tazilah and the creed of the people of hadeeth.
And likewise, there was the influence of Zakariyya as-Saajee (d. 407H) who played an important role in shaping the views of al-Ash'ari to be in agreement with the sayings of the people of hadeeth.
The views of al-Ash'ari regarding al-uluww and al-istiwaa are also narrated from al-Ash'ari by the likes of Ibn Fawrak and Ibn Asaakir and such quotes are also collected by adh-Dhahabi in Mukhtasar al-uluww.
The Saying of al-Ash'ari in "al-Ibaanah"
The translation of which is:
And al-Ash'ari said in the book of his "al-Ibanah Fi Usul id-Diyanah" in the chapter of "al-istiwaa":