Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal (d. 241H) : Affirmation of the Attribute of Voice (Sawt) for Allaah|
Posted by Abu.Iyaad on Wednesday, December, 09 2009 and filed under Articles
Key topics: Imaam Ahmad Qur'an Sawt Voice
These are some statements of Imaam Ahmad from the book "al-Masaa'il war-Rasaa'il al-Marwiyyah An il-Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal fil-Aqeedah", a collection of his statements from numerous sources regarding issues of aqeedah (1/302-303). We have mentioned these sayings as part of other articles, but for the sake of easy documentation and reference, they have been place here in their own separate article. The sources of the quotes are al-Qadi Abu Ya'laa, Abu Bakr al-Khallaal and Abdullaah bin Imaam Ahmad.
I asked my father (rahimahullaah) about a people saying: When Allaah spoke to Moses He did not speak with a voice. So my father said, "Rather, your Lord, the Mighty and Majestic, spoke with a voice, these ahaadeeth we narrate them as they have come".
That Allaah speaks with letter and voice was the Ijmaa' of the entire Ummah until Ibn Kullaab (d. 240H) innovated the doctrine of "Kalaam Nafsee" whose justification lay in some alleged poetry ascribed to a Trinitarian Christian poet called "al-Akhtal". And in their works and their polemics they use the poetry of this Trinitarian Christian to argue that "Kalaam" in Arabic is only the "meaning in the self". Thereafter, they began to look in the revealed texts to see what they could find to support the alleged poetry of the Trinitarian Christian, and all they could find were examples in which "Kalaam" was mentioned with "taqyeed" (in a restricted sense) - taqyeed, meaning when a person says, "I said to myself" (meaning I spoke to myself internally), so speech here is mentioned with taqyeed, restriction, and all the proofs they bring are of this nature. However when speech is mentioned on its own, without qualification, and in the normal course of language, "Kalaam" comprises both meaning (ma'naa) and wording (lafdh) together as is known and famous in the language of the Qur'an and the language of the Arabs.