Qaadee Abu Bakr al-Baqillani (Early Ash'ari) Affirms Allaah's Attributes of Hands, Face and Eyes And Does Not Make Ta'weel or Takyeef Of Them|
Posted by Abu.Iyaad on Monday, June, 29 2009 and filed under Articles
Key topics: Abu Bakr Al-Baqillani Ta'weel Abu Bakr Al-Baqillani Ta'weel
He is the Qaadee Abu Bakr al-Baqillani who was born around the middle of the fourth century (hijri) and died in 403H (around 1013CE) in Baghdad. He is a prominent Ash'ari theologian and is touted by the Ash'aris as one of their luminaries - and Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah has words regarding him, stating in meaning that he was amongst the better ones of the Ash'aris - as he was closer to the truth in certain affairs. al-Baqillani was the one who laid down many of the intellectual foundations for the Ash'ari madhhab and he is held as the second most important figure in the Ash'arite theology. Despite having a better stance in relation to the Attributes, al-Baqillani, like the Ash'aris that followed, built their stances on other subjects of aqeedah upon the speech of the Jahmiyyah - such as their position on al-Imaan (faith) that it is tasdeeq.
Al-Baqillani is the author of the book: "At-Tamheed al-Awaa'il wa Talkhees ud-Dalaa'il" - a book which focuses on the issues of creed, and it is found with a different name in the Paris manuscript, "at-Tahmeed fee ar-Radd 'alal-Mulhida was-Raafidah wal-Khawaarij wal-Mu'tazilah". He also has other works such as "adh-Dhabb an Abi Hasan al-Ash'ari" and a work titled "al-Ibaanah" and he has some letters he has written which are mentioned and quoted in the works of some of the Scholars.
Al-Baqillani's Affirmation of the Attributes of Face, Hands and Eyes, Mentioning Them As Attributes of Allaah's Essence, and His Absence of Making ta'weel of Them - In Opposition to the Contemporary Kullaabi Jahmites Ascribing Themselves to Abu Hasan al-Ash'ari
There occurs in his book at-Tamheed:
And if someone says: Distinguish for us between the Attributes of His Essence (dhaat) from the Attributes of His Actions, so that I may know that.
Benefits From The Above Quote
An Important Note
Our intent in bringing these quotations from Abu Bakr al-Baqillani is not to establish our creed, since our creed is established by way of the Book and the Sunnah and the sayings of the Salaf in general, but it is to illustrate to today's Kullaabi Jahmites who ascribe themselves to the second (and not the final) stage of Abu Hasan al-Ash'aris life, that the very founders of the madhhab you claim to follow, and their most prominent Theologians who laid down many of the foundations and intellectual principles upon which the madhhab is based, were in agreement with the Salaf in their affirmation of some of the Attributes without ta'weel.
So it should be noted, that amongst those ascribing themselves to the Ash'ari madhhab, there is no consistent, uniform methodology that they can point to and say, "Here is the definitive Ash'ari madhhab" for when one gathers all their books, from the earliest times to the later times, you see so much confusion and contradiction. Except that the very Early Ash'aris, like al-Baqillani, were on the whole very consistent and never fell into blatant contradictions, unlike what happened to the unfortunate Fakhr ud-Deen ar-Raazee whose contradictions in his usool were embarassing to say the least.
As Allaah the Most High says, "Say: If it had been from other than Allaah, they would have found much discrepancy therein", and indeed that is the truth with respect to the Ash'ari madhhab.